Microbiology Discussion Week 4 Replies

 Topic 1: Chlamydia trachomatis is a gram-negative binding intracellular bacteria, and the natural host is humans (Witkin et al., 2017). Chlamydia is the only genus in the group (order Chlamydiales, class Chlamydiaceae). C. trachomatis is most widely transmitted by genital, oral, and anal intercourse. Pregnant mothers can transmit Chlamydia to their children during birth, causing pneumonia or severe eye infection in newborns. 

 

 Scarring of mucous membranes is a specific pathologic endpoint of Chlamydial infection. This causes trachoma to cause blindness and miscarriage and ectopic pregnancies in the case of acute salpingitis. Most Chlamydial pathology is caused by hypersensitivity to their heat shock protein (HSP60). Hypoferremia and transferring receptor regulation are well-known side effects of the inflammatory response, and Chlamydiaerespond to iron deficiency in a controlled manner. Iron in an accessible form is always scarce, particularly in the female genital tract. Thus, Chlamydiae’s ability to efficiently sequester iron may be an essential virulence factor in genital tract infections (Schachter, n.d.).

 

Men and women are susceptible to asymptomatic infections. C. trachomatis is responsible for 35 percent to 50 percent of nongonococcal urethritis in men. For women, the cervix is where the organism can cause mucopurulent endocervicitis and ascending genital infection, which is more likely in women.

 

Infection with C. trachomatis causes Chlamydia, a widespread sexually transmitted disease (STD). The signs and symptoms are painful urination, discharge from men’s and women’s genitals, painful sexual intercourse in women, bleeding between periods and after sex in women, and testicular pain in men. To prevent Chlamydia infection, use condoms, limit your number of sex partners, avoid douching, and get regular screenings (Mayo Clinic, 2020). If you are an active woman aged 25 or younger, pregnant women, women, and men at high-risk should get screened. There is a urine test and swab test. C. trachomatis gets treated with antibiotics. You may receive a one-time injection, or you may need to take the drug every day or several times a day for 5 to 10 days. 

 

C. trachomatis was first identified in 1907 by scientists Halberstaedter and von Prowazek.Although the roots of C. trachomatis as a sexually transmitted virus are unclear, it is possible that the disease developed alongside humans from a bacterium that lived 700 million years ago. Extremely responsive Chlamydia tests did not occur until the mid-1990s (Healthdxs, 2017).

 

 Topic 2

Streptococcus mutans is a Gram Positive bacterium and lives in the mouth, it can live in temperatures ranging from 18-40 degrees Celsius.Thebacteriummetabolizes completely different sorts ofcarbohydrates,creatingacidic surroundings within themouth because ofthisprocess.Thisacidicatmosphere within the mouthiswhatcausesthetoothdecay. It is the main reason for dentalcavities all around the world to many people (European Bioinformatics Institute, 2014). This is an important bacterium that we should all know and be aware of because everyone has this bacterium in their mouths, and we carry it every day. S.mutansis taken into account tobe probably themostcariogenicofalltheoralStreptococci. S.mutanswasinitialy describedbyJamesKilianClarke(1886-1950) afterwards he remoted itfromacariouslesion,butit surely wasnot till the Sixties thatcuriosity onthismicrobewasgeneratedwhenresearchers started finding out dental caries (European Bioinformatics Institute, 2014). Because themicroorganism develops within themouth,they trigger toothdestruction,impairedspeech,problemchewing, a ofinfections,psychological issues reminiscent oflowself-esteem,poorsocialinteractions, focus problems,etc. Although notfatal,tooth decompose isone among essentially themostfrequent infectious illnesses inhumans.Also,cavities attributiable tothe microorganism arethe explanation forhalfofalldentalvisitsinthe United States (National Maternal and Child Oral Health Resource Center, 2014). There are ways to prevent yourself from contracting these cavities, just like as your dentist would tell you, brush twice a day, floss, and floss between feedings, also a mouth wash would help as well, and water flossers where you wouldn’t be able to reach when you’re brushing your teeth. A toothacheis probably themostfrequent symptomoftoothdecay.Ananinfectionorirritationofthetoothpulp normallycausesthepain.The dental surgeon will likely betheperson todiagnosetooth collapse bytakingX-Rays,and typically theX-Rayscandetecttheformationof a cavity earlier than its absolutely intact.Ifreconizged withtoothdecay,thereare lots of remedy suchas:fillings,crowns,androotcanals.Since each humanhas microorganism oftheirmouth,theone preventionisto minimize the effect ofacidfermentationby practicing oral hygiene (Dental Cavities, The New York Times 2016).

 

 

 

 

 

Instructions to follow: II. For your first post:

 

  1. You will respond to another classmate with a substantive comment to move the science discussion forward in minimum100, maximum 150 words in an area you are interested in after reading the main discussion.
  2. Again, you should provide student original writing, paraphrasing from credible sources, cite your source for this post with in-text citations, and provide full end ref information in APA 7th Edition format.

III. For your second post:

 

  1. You will respond to another classmate with a substantive comment to move the science discussion forward in minimum100, maximum 150 words in an area you are interested in after reading the main discussion.
  2. Again, you should provide student original writing, paraphrasing from credible sources, cite your source for this post with in-text citations, and provide full end ref information in APA 7th Edition format.

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