Microbiology Discussion Week 3 Replies

** Topic 1**: 7. Chikungunya virus:

Chikungunya is a mosquito-borne viral disease first described during an outbreak in southern Tanzania in 1952. The name chikungunya originates from the verb in the Kimakonde language, meaning ‘to become contorted’. (CHIKV) as mentioned previous is transmitted by the bite of an infected mosquito. This virus is associated with specific geographical area like Africa and Asia. In past few years it causes outbreaks outside previously areas mentioned like Eastern and western hemispheres were. The first outbreak of (CHIKV) in the western hemisphere occurred on the Caribbean Island of Saint Martin in 2013. (CDC, 2018).

The symptoms of Chikungunya usually appear in a week of infection. Fever and joint pain come suddenly then muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue, and rash also my occur, with more complications can produce encephalitis. This disease can produce acute musculoskeletal disease and chronic arthralgia. The treatment consists in administration of pain medications with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics and supportive care with fluid replacement to avoid dehydration. Other to consider is plenty of rest. The severity of (CHIKV) rheumatic disease, which can impact life quality of infected individuals for weeks, months, or even years, combined with the explosive nature of CHIKV outbreaks and its regions, has led to renewed interest in developing strategies for the prevention or treatment of CHIKV-induced disease. (Morrison et al. 2016).

Is we take in consideration what will the factors that are influential in the new emerging cases of (CHIKV), are immunological compromised human population, global trade, international travel and one particularly important is the adaptation of the virus to anthropophilic Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus). Is important to consider factors to prevent the Chikungunya, like the awareness of the disease, but most important is to protect from mosquitoes’ bites using repellents with active DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon, eucalyptus, wearing long-sleeves shirts and pants, treat cloth and gear, and take all the precautions to control mosquitoes indoors and outdoors using mosquito netting. Finally, another way is avoiding traveling to areas with outbreaks.

 Topic 2: 14. Helicobacter pylori is a type of microbe that causes an infection in the stomach (Medline, 2019). In more advanced cases, it can lead to peptic ulcers, gastritis, and stomach cancer (Medline, 2019). Helicobacter pylori most commonly begins when a patient is a child (Medline, 2019). The patient often does not know they have because Helicobacter pylori breaks down the inner protective lining of the stomach which leads to further inflammation and discomfort (Medline, 2019). With further breakdown comes symptoms that begin to show such as peptic ulcers and gastritis (Medline, 2019). The common symptom of a peptic ulcer is a burning sensation/pain in someone’s stomach (Medline, 2019). The symptom may last for a varied amount of time and may re occur often (Medline, 2019). Other common symptoms to detect Helicobacter pylori are severe abdominal pain on an empty stomach, nausea, loss of appetite, constantly burping, continuous bloating, and unexplainable weight loss(Mayo Clinic, 2020). It is not entirely known how the infection of Helicobacter pylori is spread, but there is a high belief in the spread of H. pylori being spread through contaminated food and water(Medline, 2019). Some ways Helicobacter pylori is detected or treated is by blood tests, stool tests, an upper endoscopy procedure, and a biopsy test (Medline, 2019). The typical course of treatment for Helicobacter pylori is by taking a regimen of antibiotics and acid-reducing medications until detection of H. pylori is resolved (Medline, 2019).The most common way to reduce the chances of coming across a case of a Helicobacter pylori infection is by continuously washing your hands, handling food in a sanitary way, and to try and be sure that the route of where your water is coming from is regulated as well as clean(Medline, 2019).Another way to reduce the chance of having H. pylori is by asking your doctor to frequently screen you for Helicobacter pylori (Medline, 2019).

 

Critical Thinking

Helicobacter pylori is an aggressive infection that can leave long lasting symptoms. It is something everyone should be informed about to at the very least have the opportunity to be screened and take control of before being too late. The pain may be able to be reduced, but the damage will not be able to be reversed.

 

Instructions to follow: II. For your first post:

  1.  
    1. You will respond to another classmate with a substantive comment to move the science discussion forward in minimum100, maximum 150 words in an area you are interested in after reading the main discussion.
    2. Again, you should provide student original writing, paraphrasing from credible sources, cite your source for this post with in-text citations, and provide full end ref information in APA 7th Edition format.

III. For your second post:

  1.  
    1.  
      1. You will respond to another classmate with a substantive comment to move the science discussion forward in minimum100, maximum 150 words in an area you are interested in after reading the main discussion.
      2. Again, you should provide student original writing, paraphrasing from credible sources, cite your source for this post with in-text citations, and provide full end ref information in APA 7th Edition format.

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